Creating winning resume

Creating an effective resume seems to be very difficult for most of us. Now, what is a resume? A resume is a formal document that gives a career background of a person in terms of career objectives, work experience, education & certification and personal detail.

What is the purpose of a resume?

The purpose of a resume is to share a summary of your employment history, skills, education & certification detail. Resumes are one-point document to decide whether to shortlist/not shortlist the candidate for interview/next step. First impression is the last impression is the best proverb fits here.

Now you know what is a resume and why it’s important, here’s our step by step guide to create a killer resume. We have outlined some of the important steps that one must consider while creating a resume. Those who are struggling or who want to create a killer resume can refer to this content.

What to consider before writing a resume?

There are so many basic things that play a big role in resume selection. Here are some of the important elements you must outline before start writing the resume –

  • Make your resume simple and short not more than 3 pages
  • Any font you can choose, but don’t pick any stylish/fancy font
  • Avoid unnecessary personal detail – sex, religion and age
  • Keep your hobbies and interest section short
  • Don’t specify reference details. You can furnish based on request
  • Review some resume sample of your industry
  • Include more specific information that is closely related to your profile

Gather all the required details before writing a resume?

Before writing a resume, you need to compile all the required information that needs to be included in your resume to make it attractive. Gathering the information in advance helps you to articulate it in a better way. So, what all information one must collect before writing? The answer is very simple, you need to start collecting information relating to the following – Employment history, Skills, Awards & Certificates and Qualification.

What should be the format?

There are five types of resumes in trend – chronological, functional, combination of chronological and functional, target and mini. Each has its own role in the selection/hiring process. Also, depending on different stages of your career you pick different types of resume.

A chronological resume gives an insight on your employment history starting from the current job and ends on the first job of your career. This helps a recruiter or hiring manager to get the detailed understanding of candidate roles and responsibility over the duration of employment. This seems to be the most preferred method of presenting the employment detail from recruiter and hiring manager point of view.

A functional resume does not contain any specific order, basically professionals specify their overall expertise/skill after working on multiple projects or with multiple companies.

A combination resume basically contains all the skills you have over your employment with past employment.

A target resume is created based on the type of job you are looking for. This is not like an ordinary resume where you outline details like the normal resume. Many times, we came in scenarios, where we wanted to get hired for a specific job/position and in such cases, we have to create a target resume specific to Job description. Such resumes make better engagement as compared to normal resumes.

A mini resume is a short synopsis of employment history with some other detail. This type of resume is very rarely used. This is a very short resume with employment history and learning gain. This helps the employer/hiring manager to quickly get an overview of your experience.

Employment information

If you are an experienced professional you should specify employment information in the first page in chronological order, starting with the current job and ending on the first job of your career. list the most relevant information corresponding to each job. Below are some important elements that everyone must include to provide the detail insights on your employment history –

  • Name of company
  • Duration/Tenure within the company
  • Job title
  • Key responsibilities
  • Achievement (if any)

Specifying achievement within a resume seems to be useful. This gives an opportunity to highlight the best things in relation to your work. So, the question comes: what kind of achievement can you specify?
Here, we are assuming different job type and corresponding to each we are recommending some achievement ideas –

Job Type – Digital Marketing Manager

Example –

  • Plan, manage, and execute paid search/PPC campaigns, including account setup, campaign structuring, extensions, Ad copy writing, bidding optimization, and budget management
  • Increase conversion by 28%
  • Reduce CPA by 15%

Job Type – Sales Manager/Business Development Manager

  • Exceeded sales goals by an average of 22% every quarter
  • Increased my territories client base by 20% year-on-year
  • I won Salesperson of the Year title for 3 consecutive years having exceeded all sales targets

Job Type – Java Software Developer

  • Identified and resolved a process bottleneck that reduced coding efficiency by up to 30%

Most important element of resume

Here are the most important elements of every resume – Contact Detail, Career Objectives, Employment History, Skills and Education. If you miss any of these elements your resume would not be considered complete.

Below we are sharing some do’s and don’ts targeting each resume elements

Contact Detail

Contact details are the most important element of a resume. This helps recruiter to reach out to the contact person and organize interview.


  • Specify phone no./mobile no. In case you have more than one phone no. please specify all
  • Specify most active email id, which you use more frequently
  • Include current address
  • In case you have any LinkedIn profile please specify the profile link


  • Specify more than two mobile no.
  • Specify permanent address
  • Specify gender, religion, and family detail

Career Objective

Every resume starts with a career objective and we generally don’t give a lot of focus on this section. Not sure what to write under career objectives? Here, we have outlined some best practices that work perfect to make your resume appealing and perfect for the job.


  • Career objectives should be short, simple and to the point
  • Make use of right keywords/action words to make a unique presence
  • Should not be more than 3 line of text


  • Use of incomplete sentences
  • Use of inappropriate keywords that not matching with your skill/job profile

Employment History

Employment history gives detail about your designation, tenure and roles and responsibility within each company. Recruiter/hiring managers always focus on this section to get the insights on candidate responsibilities within each role.


  • Arrange employment detail in chronological order
  • Add achievements in case there is any
  • Specify tenure, role and responsibilities
  • Specify key responsibilities with right keywords
  • Make it simple and easy to understand


  • Write 1 or 2 page of responsibilities targeting each employment
  • Mix role & responsibility with other job
  • Specify fake duties

Skills and Education

Every resume searched on the basis of skills and minimum education requirement. Whatever the job platform/searching site, every recruiter uses skills as keywords to source candidate profiles than review the experience and qualification/education detail. Below is some best practice while specifying the skills and education detail in your resume.


  • Before putting the skills, search the most demanding skill that match your responsibilities
  • Specify your education in chronological order with the most recent education first
  • Write course duration, university and percentage detail
  • In case any certification done, please specify this in the education section of your resume


  • Mention irrelevant skills
  • Specify fake qualification and certification

Proofread your resume before print

Once you are done with resume creation you can start proofreading it by reading it word by word. We often find it difficult to read the things on screen and in such scenarios, you can take the print and then start proofreading. The main purpose of proofreading is to check if the information you have listed in your resume is correct. Make sure to have all the accurate and grammatically correct information. In case you are not confident about grammar, you can take help of grammar tools. Also, you can take help of someone to proofread your resume.

Also review the structure and font of your resume. You must have a single font across the entire resume and structure should be aligned with the right type of bullet/font.

Keep your resume updated

Whenever you are applying for any job you make sure that you have the updated resume. Below are some of the important information you should keep track of to make your resume up to date –

  • Hired by new employer
  • Recently learned new skill
  • Any new certification acquired
  • Moved to new address
  • Changed mobile no/email address


Outlined all the important steps that one need to consider while creating a resume. In case you have any suggestion or feedback that you would like to suggest please feel free to write in the comment section provided below. We are happy to consume quality feedback to make this article more unique and engaging.

Happy reading!

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